Munchausen – difference between live and literature
Munchausen – not only a book but a phenomenon
Munchausen - Babel

Actually 2011

Munchausen-Tales since 250Years


The Website

You are visiting the website of Munchausen-Library. This private library for research concerning the phenomenon of Munchausen likes to inform you about its aims and results and also about the library itself.


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The part of the website written in English contents the most important informations but not all. The version in German language shows you some essays in fulltext online. Some abstracts will be translated into English step by step.


Munchausen – the difference between live and literature

  • In the 18th century there was a Baron. His name was Hieronymus Carl Friedrich von Munchausen (1720 - 1797). He was an officer during the war between Russia and Turkey in the 1730ies. Afterwards he lived as a gentleman on his estates in Bodenwerder near Hameln on the Weser. He became fameous as adventurer telling strange stories.
  • In 1785 there was a book, entitled "Baron Munchausen’s Narrative of his Marvellous Travels". The preface says, that the Baron Munchausen was telling these stories. But he did not exactly these. This Baron is fiction.
  • These two barons are the same and they are not the same.
  • No doubt Rudolf Erich Raspe was born in spring of 1736, not in 1737 as it is mentioned in nearly all libraries of the world.


Misanderstandings concerning Munchausen

There are a lot of misunderstandings, errors and mistakes giving a wrong impression of the figure of Munchausen and of the circmstances of its origin as for example:

  • "The real Baron has told these famous stories" - No, today we only know of three tales that the Baron in fact has related them to his friends.
  • "The 'Sequel of the Adventures of Baron Munchausen' was written to ridicul the description of the discoveries of James Bruce, the Abyssinian Traveler." No, Rudolf Erich Raspe, the author of the Munchausen-tales, did not use the scientific work of James Bruce in five volumes but only the summary in one volume by Samule Shaw, Esq.
  • The Sequel does not deal at first about the experiences of James Bruce, who is mentioned only once. But it deals a lot about the French Revolution.
  • "The tales of Munchausen are written for children". No, this book was written as a political satire, in its early versions against the direction of politics in foreign affairs at the time of George III.




Munchausen – not only a book but a phenomenon

  • Munchausen - an idea and a mythe
  • Munchausen - not only a scientific term but some scientific terms:

- Munchausen-tale: tall-story

- Munchausen-syndrom: psychic ilness

- Munchausen-Trilemma: philosophical term in  

   theory of cognition

- Munchausen-methode: used for selfregulated

  ways to work

  • Munchausen - an instrument of social memory
  • The baron lives in about 100 languages.
  • Munchausen - a book without author.
  • Munchausen knows two authors.
    • Rudolf Erich Raspe (1736 - 1794)
    • Gottfried August Bürger (1747 - 1794)
  • Nobody knows the number of authors of Munchausen.
  • Munchausen concentrates subjects of tales which originates from the Greek and Roman times until the age of enlightenment.



Munchausen - Babel

The Munchausen-Tales exist in many languages and also in several special characters. Today we know all these variants indicated in the following schedule. The marked ones are represented in the library.

Afrikaans Fernrohr/Galgen   Kirghiz
Arabian   Latin
Bulgarian   Lettish
Catalan   Lithuanian
Chinese   Malay
Czech   Mongolian
Danish   Netherlandish
English   Norwegian
Esperanto   Ossetic
Estonian   Polandish
Faeroe   Portuguese
Finnish   Rumanian
French   Russian
Georgian   Serbo-Croatian
German   Slovakian
German dialect   Slovenian
Grecian   Spanish
Hebrew   Swedish
Icelandic   Turkish
Indonesian   Ungarian
Italian   Urdu
Irish   White-Russian
Japanese   Yiddish

Top 07/2011 © by Bernhard Wiebel

  Münchhausen entdeckt die Bibliothek von Alexandria William Strang 1895 Muenchhausen discovers the library of Alexandria William Strang 1895
Little Joker Tabacco. Collectable picture  
Decoration for cigars
Blotter 1934
Blotter, 1934